The Current Knowledge & Training Regarding Backdraft, Flashover, and Other Rapid Fire Progression Phenomena

Report Date: June 2007

Rapid fire progression phenomena like backdrafts, flashovers, and flameovers continue to pose serious threats to firefighters. In order to perform fire operations effectively and safely, it is paramount that all firefighters both recognize and understand these phenomena. The purpose of this paper is to address the current education and training regarding fire behavior throughout the fire service. This paper is based on a literary review of research on fire phenomena. It presents background information and descriptions, warning signs, and training recommendations for backdrafts, flashovers, and flameovers.


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Gorbett, Gregory E. and Ronald Hopkins. The Current Knowledge & Training Regarding Backdraft, Flashover, and Other Rapid Fire Progression Phenomena. Presentation at the National Fire Protection Association World Safety Conference, 2007.


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