Projects Tag: Flashover

While computer modeling is used for much fire research, there is still a need for the quicker and simpler hand-calculations. Hand-calculations are valuable in allowing a better understanding of the fundamentals of complex fire behavior. This paper goes through an…
On January 26, 2014, two firefighters lost their lives while fighting an arson fire in a converted two-story apartment building. Firefighters arrived with smoke showing from the building. Heavy black smoke and fire were visible from the rear windows, indicating…
Scandinavia has been a leader in using scientific research to better understand fire behavior, and more importantly, incorporating this understanding into training and tactics for firefighters. This paper summarizes much of the great Scandinavian research aimed at benefiting the fire…
Much work has been done to investigate and better understand flashovers. However, these flashover theories generally do not apply to long and narrow confined spaces such as tunnels or other corridors. There are differences in the fire growth process between…
Every year, firefighters lose their lives and are injured when flashovers occur during structural fires. A system to provide an early warning of an impending flashover could allow firefighters to exit a structure before the flashover occurs. This report from…
Rapid fire progression phenomena like backdrafts, flashovers, and flameovers continue to pose serious threats to firefighters. In order to perform fire operations effectively and safely, it is paramount that all firefighters both recognize and understand these phenomena. The purpose of…

Enclosure Fires

February 2001
The aim of Enclosure Fires is to provide a deeper understanding of how fire behaves during enclosure fires such as in houses or apartments. The book provides a basic knowledge of the factors controlling the fire behavior based on a…
On February 15, 2013, two fire officers lost their lives and two firefighters were injured when they were caught in a flashover in a commercial building fire. When the fire and police departments arrived, they observed fire at the roof…
This report analyses the scaling of enclosure fires, including internal wall temperatures and gas temperatures, velocities, and concentrations. Two series of room fires were tested in three different scales, full, medium, and small scale. From the testing, a method for…
In 2011 in Massachusetts, a firefighter lost his life while operating on an apartment fire. Crews had lost contact with the victim when the fire in the involved apartment flashed. After hearing the victim’s PASS device, crews located and removed…
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