Projects Tag: Fire Dynamics

The goal of Global Fire Research is to share information to educated firefighters around the world in order to advance and promote more effective and safer fire operations. In gathering information, we have had the privilege of meeting other organizations…
While computer modeling is used for much fire research, there is still a need for the quicker and simpler hand-calculations. Hand-calculations are valuable in allowing a better understanding of the fundamentals of complex fire behavior. This paper goes through an…
Full-scale, live-fire experiments provide excellent results, but they are very expensive and time consuming. This report from SP Fire Research in Sweden examines a method to model train carriage fires using CFD (computational fluid dynamics) computer simulations. An accurate simulation…
Modern home construction, layouts, and furnishings have changed the way that fires develop. The Instituut Fysieke Veiligheid (Institute for Safety) and Brandweeracademie (Dutch National Fire Service Academy) in the Netherlands have compiled this report, ‘It Depends’ - Descriptive Research into…
Understanding the basics of fire behavior is vital to the safety and survival of firefighters. The next step after understanding fire behavior is incorporating this knowledge into tactics; thereby providing more efficient fireground operations. The International Society of Fire Service…
In an effort to create an accurate fire growth model for compartment fires, this dissertation explores and explains the physics of fire growth. The model gives compartment temperature, fuel mass loss rate, smoke layer height, and energy release rates to…
Compartment fire dynamics are very complex with seemingly random behavior. To better understand and predict fire dynamics and smoke spread, there is much to be learned from the results of fire research. Often, we get these results through partial or…
Traditionally, buildings were constructed with compartmentalization to help reduce fire spread. Research into this building style resulted in the compartment fire framework, used to describe the fire dynamics in a typical “compartment”. However, modern building have deviated from the traditional…
Over the past decades, improvements in fire prevention and fire safety engineering have led to a reduction in the number of structural fires. The negative of this reduction is a decrease in the actual fire experience for firefighters. A way…
In 2011, a lieutenant and a firefighter with the San Francisco Fire Department lost their lives in a multi-level hillside residential structure fire while searching for the fire. The fire was on the floor below the firefighters. The National Institute…
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