Fire Behavior Research

On April 12, 2015, a South Dakota firefighter lost their life in a residential structure fire. The first firefighters arrived on scene with reports of a person trapped in the bedroom. When they forced the front door, they experienced thick,…
Underwriter Laboratories (UL) Firefighter Safety Research Institute (FSRI) completed a series of experiments adding to their wealth of information to evaluate how firefighting tactics effect fire behavior, firefighters, and building occupants. The purpose of the study is to improve fire…
While computer modeling is used for much fire research, there is still a need for the quicker and simpler hand-calculations. Hand-calculations are valuable in allowing a better understanding of the fundamentals of complex fire behavior. This paper goes through an…
To better understand fire behavior, fire researchers conduct live-fire testing to support theoretical work. Ideally these tests would be done in full scale. However, due to cost and facility constraints, most live-fire research cannot be done in full scale. This…
Modern home construction, layouts, and furnishings have changed the way that fires develop. The Instituut Fysieke Veiligheid (Institute for Safety) and Brandweeracademie (Dutch National Fire Service Academy) in the Netherlands have compiled this report, ‘It Depends’ - Descriptive Research into…
Over the past two decades The Netherlands have experienced a number of line-of-duty deaths. One such incident in 2008 claimed the lives of three firefighters when they were caught by a sudden fire spread in a hangar. Investigations determined that…
Underwriter Laboratories (UL) Firefighter Safety Research Institute has worked with Firehouse Magazine and BullEx to produce a free, interactive training program on tactical fireground considerations based on nearly a decade of research. UL has been researching topics such as building…
Understanding the basics of fire behavior is vital to the safety and survival of firefighters. The next step after understanding fire behavior is incorporating this knowledge into tactics; thereby providing more efficient fireground operations. The International Society of Fire Service…
Typical modern structural fires encountered by firefighters are generally ventilation limited. As oxygen in the structure is depleted, the flames and temperatures decrease. After the initial drop in oxygen, oxygen levels begin to increase, but there is no corresponding increase…
Firefighters need a true understanding of the fires that they encounter in order to select the proper tactics and anticipate dangerous conditions. To do so, they must first have a basic understanding of the physics of fire behavior. This video…
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