Real-Scale Fire Tests of One Bedroom Apartments with Regard to Tenability Assessment

Report Date: September 2014

Home fires continue to account for a majority of structural fire deaths, and the bedroom is the most common origin for fatal fires1. This paper details the results of real-scale bedroom fire tests for two realistic scenarios: one with the bedroom door open and one with the door closed. Toxic chemicals, temperature, and fire behavior are measured throughout the tests to understand the environment during the fire. The measurements are used to provide a quantitative tenability assessment for each bedroom fire scenario. This research is useful not only to understand the environment for potential victims in a bedroom, but also to better understand fire behavior and the compartment environment in general, and how it is affected by factors like ventilation.

1  Ahrens, Marty. US Home Structure Fires. National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Fire. Analysis and Research Division, Quincy, MA. 2013.

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  • International Association for Fire Safety Science

    IAFSS was founded with the primary objective of encouraging research into the science of preventing and mitigating the adverse effects of fires and of providing a forum for presenting the results of such research.The International Association for Fire Safety Science perceives its role to lie in the scientific bases for achieving progress in unsolved fire problems. It will seek cooperation with other organizations, be they concerned with application or with the sciences that are fundamental to our interests in fire. It will seek to promote high standards, to encourage and stimulate scientists to address fire problems, to provide the necessary scientific foundations and means to facilitate applications aimed at reducing life and property loss. Since its inaugural meeting, the IAFSS has grown to more than four hundred members. Current members come from Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Germany, Finland, France, Holland, Hong Kong, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, United Kingdom and United States of America. The Association is legally established as a charitable organization in England and Wales.

  • Laboratoire National de Métrologie et d’essais

    By developing new measurement techniques and methods and applying them via appropriate standards in all spheres of daily life, LNE plays a key role in promoting a more competitive economy and a safer society. This core activity covers five key spheres – research and technology transfer, testing and calibration, technical assistance, certification, training and informing – and addresses the five major priorities: safety and health, environmental impact, performance, product reliability, and cost control.

  • Le Laboratoire Central de la Préfecture de Police

    Le Laboratoire Central de la Prefecture de Police (The Central Laboratory of Parisian Police Headquarters), hereinafter LCPP, employs 63 engineers, 91 technicians, 24 bomb disposal technicians among other professionals.

    The “Prefecture de Police” of Paris (the Parisian Police Headquarters) is acts as a co-ordinating body of the Great Paris area “Prefectures”, in order to prevent the events disturbing the law and order, when they relate to downtown Paris or suburbs of Paris including the 3 next “departments” of this area.

    LCPP is a technical and scientific body whose fields are: expertise and prevention in technological and domestic risk fields, assistance to the safety of people and property, evaluation of human and industrial activity impact on environment. This public service is available in the greater Paris area.

    LCPP’s fields are : bomb disposal squad, post explosion and post fire laboratory investigations, chemical risks, physical measurements and fire engineering, health and safety, environment.

    Within this framework, LCPP is in charge of the Forensic Investigations led with regard to the bomb attacks and arsons occurring in the Great Paris area, in close cooperation with the French Police services, especially in case of terrorist attacks.

Guillaume, Eric, Franck Didieux, Aurelien Thiry, and Axel Bellivier. Real-Scale Fire Tests of One Bedroom Apartments with Regard to Tenability Assessment. Fire Safety Journal volume 70, p. 81-97. 2014. 

© 2014 E. Guillaume et al.   

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/legalcode)

Electronic version of article is available at ScienceDirect: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0379711214001295

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