Quadrant Model for Fighting Structure Fires

Report Date: November 2014

Over the past two decades The Netherlands have experienced a number of line-of-duty deaths. One such incident in 2008 claimed the lives of three firefighters when they were caught by a sudden fire spread in a hangar. Investigations determined that firefighters could improve their safety and efficiency by improving their understanding of fire development and modern fire behavior. Therefore, in an effort to prevent further tragedies, Brandweer Nederland (The Netherlands Fire Service) made a change from rule-based fire operations to knowledge-based fire operations.

Quadrant Model for Fighting Structure Fires describes the fire service doctrine and quadrant model. The quadrant model was developed in close cooperation between firefighters and fire academy using experiences and experimental research results from around the world. It is an experience- and knowledge-based tool for deciding which tactic to use when fighting a structure fire for knowledge-based fire operations.


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Hagen, René, Annemieke Hendriks, and Jaap Molenaar. Quadrant Model for Fighting Structure Fires. Arnhem, The Netherlands: Instituut Fysieke Veiligheid, 2014. Retreived from http://www.ifv.nl/Documents/Quadrant%20Model%20for%20Fighting%20Structure%20Fires-english.pdf on 13 January 2016.

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