Fire Evacuation in High-Rise Buildings: A Review of Human Behaviour and Modelling Research

Report Date: November 2013

The attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001 caused a new assessment into high-rise building safety and emergency procedures. This report identifies key behavioral factors and group dynamics affecting people during a high-rise building fire, reviews the current procedures and strategies, and analyzes the capabilities of computer-based evacuation models. Office buildings, residential buildings, and health care facilities were considered.


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  • Department of Fire Safety Engineering and Systems Safety, Lund University

    The Department of Fire Safety Engineering is responsible for education and research in Fire Safety Engineering and Risk Management. The scope of what we do is to a large extent interdisciplinary, and we are responsible for essential parts of the Fire Protection Engineering program on bachelor level, the Risk Management and Safety Engineering program, and the Fire Safety Engineering program on masters level. In addition, we are responsible for the education of PhD students in the field of fire safety engineering. Co-operation with other universities and colleges are carried out regarding both education and research.

  • Fire Science Reviews

    Fire Science Reviews publishes scholarly review and survey articles on any aspect of fire safety science. Fire science topics include, but are not limited to: fire dynamics, fire chemistry, fire modeling, material fire properties, toxic hazard analysis, fire detection and suppression, structural fire performance, measurement and test methods, egress and evacuation, human perception and behavior in fire, human factors, applied psychology, statistics, probability, risk analysis, operations research, decision analysis, smoke management, explosions, industry fire hazards, wildland and post-earthquake fires, fire safety management, fire forensic investigation methods, fire service performance analysis. Academic and industrial researchers and practitioners will find Fire Science Reviews to be the definitive reference in the field of fire safety science.

Ronchi, Enrico and Daniel Nilsson. Fire Evacuation in High-Rise Buildings: A Review of Human Behaviour and Modelling Research. Fire Science Reviews, a SpringerOpen Journal, 2013 2:7.

© 2013 Ronchi and Nilsson; licensee Springer. 

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