Fire Development in Different Scales of Train Carriages

Report Date: January 2014

This paper from SP Fire Research provides an analysis of the fire behavior in a series of train carriage fire tests. The tests were carried out in three different scale models. In particular, the tests studied different interior materials and window opening configurations, and their effects on the fire development, fire spread, and heat release in the carriages. The results of this research can be used to better understand the fire dynamics in buildings as the paper discusses the fire growth in the compartments, including local flashover, fire spread, and the effects of ventilation.

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  • SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden

    SP applies its internationally leading competence to the development and evaluation of technologies, material, products, and processes to meet its customers' needs and provide an effective link between research and commercialization.

    SP Fire Research is active in research, Fire Safety Engineering, support to national and international legislation, off-shore safety, risk analysis, testing, certification, inspection and so on. The group works globally.

    We investigate and test the behaviour of materials and products in fires. The results can be used for type approval and certification in Sweden and in other countries. We test extinguishants and fire-fighting equipment.

    We also perform theoretical analyses of the growth of fires and the spread of smoke, with calculations of temperatures in structures exposed to fire.

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  • International Association for Fire Safety Science

    IAFSS was founded with the primary objective of encouraging research into the science of preventing and mitigating the adverse effects of fires and of providing a forum for presenting the results of such research.The International Association for Fire Safety Science perceives its role to lie in the scientific bases for achieving progress in unsolved fire problems. It will seek cooperation with other organizations, be they concerned with application or with the sciences that are fundamental to our interests in fire. It will seek to promote high standards, to encourage and stimulate scientists to address fire problems, to provide the necessary scientific foundations and means to facilitate applications aimed at reducing life and property loss. Since its inaugural meeting, the IAFSS has grown to more than four hundred members. Current members come from Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Germany, Finland, France, Holland, Hong Kong, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, United Kingdom and United States of America. The Association is legally established as a charitable organization in England and Wales.

Li, Zhen Ying, Haukur Ingason, and Anders Lönnermark. Fire Development in Different Scales of Train Carriages. Fire Safety Science-Draft Proceedings of the Eleventh International Symposium, 2014.

Copyright © 2014 International Association for Fire Safety Science.

Image Credit: http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/open-page/who-cares-after-all-trains-are-public-property/article441645.ece
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