Effective Firefighting Operations in Road Tunnels

Report Date: January 2010

While much research has been done regarding fire safety in tunnels, little attention has been paid specifically to firefighting operations in tunnels. This project from SP Fire Research seeks to gain information on tunnel fires in order to better understand the potential limitations and to use this information to develop operational procedures for fighting fires and making rescues in road tunnels. The report is divided into three parts. The first is a review of previous studies in fire operations and fire safety in tunnels as well as case studies of road tunnel fires. The second develops firefighting operations, and the third discusses the management of the firefighting operations in tunnels.    

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  • SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden

    SP applies its internationally leading competence to the development and evaluation of technologies, material, products, and processes to meet its customers' needs and provide an effective link between research and commercialization.

    SP Fire Research is active in research, Fire Safety Engineering, support to national and international legislation, off-shore safety, risk analysis, testing, certification, inspection and so on. The group works globally.

    We investigate and test the behaviour of materials and products in fires. The results can be used for type approval and certification in Sweden and in other countries. We test extinguishants and fire-fighting equipment.

    We also perform theoretical analyses of the growth of fires and the spread of smoke, with calculations of temperatures in structures exposed to fire.

    We have an extensive network of contacts through such ways as active participation in international standardisation by CEN and ISO, as well as through the joint European fire testing laboratories organisation, EGOLF.

    Our activites are presented in our newsletter Brandposten. It is published twice a year on Swedish/Norwegian and English.

Kim, Hak Kuen, Anders Lönnermark, and Haukur Ingason. Effective Firefighting Operations in Road Tunnels. Borås, Sweden: SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP Report 2010:10, 2010. Print. 

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