A Step Towards Including Children's Evacuation Parameters and Behavior in Fire Safe Building Design

Report Date: January 2011

Fire safety design for buildings incorporates technology and materials to protect occupants, but often falls short in its consideration human evacuation dynamics. Until now, the evacuation dynamics of children have largely been ignored as the vast majority of data and models used describe adults. This paper describes 16 evacuation experiments and and the creation of an empirical model based on the study to include the young children’s evacuation dynamics. The understanding of movement parameters and behavior of children during an emergency evacuation can be used not only for fire safety design, but also for firefighters searching for occupants. The details of the experiments and results were published in the International Association for Fire Safety Science symposium proceedings.


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  • International Association for Fire Safety Science

    IAFSS was founded with the primary objective of encouraging research into the science of preventing and mitigating the adverse effects of fires and of providing a forum for presenting the results of such research.The International Association for Fire Safety Science perceives its role to lie in the scientific bases for achieving progress in unsolved fire problems. It will seek cooperation with other organizations, be they concerned with application or with the sciences that are fundamental to our interests in fire. It will seek to promote high standards, to encourage and stimulate scientists to address fire problems, to provide the necessary scientific foundations and means to facilitate applications aimed at reducing life and property loss. Since its inaugural meeting, the IAFSS has grown to more than four hundred members. Current members come from Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Germany, Finland, France, Holland, Hong Kong, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, United Kingdom and United States of America. The Association is legally established as a charitable organization in England and Wales.

  • Technical University of Denmark

    Department of Civil Engineering - DTU Byg conducts research and education in the fields of:

    • Building Design 
    • Structural Engineering 
    • Construction Materials 
    • Geotechnics and Geology
    • Building Energy 
    • Indoor Environment and Building Physics
    • Arctic Engineering and Sustainable Solutions

    In addition, as a special instrument to enhance activities in the area of innovation – and research-based public sector consultancy – the Department defines so-called Development Areas. Development Areas are focused on the major challenges currently faced by society with sustainable development as the overall theme.

    • Solar Decathlon
    • Zero Waste Byg
    • Sustainable Light Concrete Structures

    Department of Civil Engineering - DTU Byg is responsible for planning and management of the building engineering educations:

    • Building (B.Eng)
    • Architectural Engineering (B.Eng)
    • Arctic Technology (B.Eng)
    • Bachelor of Building Technology (B.Sc.)
    • Bachelor of Building Design (B.Sc.)
    • Bachelor of Architectural Engineering (B.Sc.)
    • Civil Engineer (M.Sc.)
    • Architectural Engineering (M.Sc.)

    Department of Civil Engineering - DTU Byg hosts ARTEK, Centre for Arctic Technology, and ICIEE, International Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy. 

    The PhD school at the Department of Civil Engineering, DTU Byg, organizes the research education at the institute and especially focuses on industrial collaboration in the form of industrial PhD and research school PhD projects.  

    Department of Civil Engineering - DTU Byg has approximately 200 employees (86 academic personnel, 60 PhD Student and 51 academic, technical and administrative personnel).  

    The turnover is approximately 140 million DKK/year (2013) and is a combination of DTU funding covering the education and “free” research and external means from private funding, private companies, PhD projects, etc. The external funding constitutes more than 35% of the turnover.  

    The base organisation at Department of Civil Engineering - DTU Byg consists of sections and departments with responsibility for the professional development, personnel, and resources. The education at the institute, research and innovative activities are placed in a project organization. 

Larusdottir, Aldis Run and Anne S. Dederichs. A Step Towards Including Children's Evacuation Parameters and Behavior in Fire Safe Building Design. Fire Safety Science – Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium, pp. 187-196, 2011.

© 2011 International Association for Fire Safety Science. 

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