The reports found on Global Fire Research are produced by organizations from around the world. They include fire research projects and firefighter fatality and injury investigations. The goal is to use and share information from the research and investigations to improve firefighting operations.


The Research section is a collection of structural, wildland, and vehicle fire related research from around the world. Topics include fire behavior, tactical considerations such as ventilation and suppression, building construction, personal protective equipment, fire protective systems, and human behavior.

Each project contains a link to the full research documentation, applications, and discussions about the project. The intent is to share information and foster discussion in order to advance and promote more effective and safer fire operations around the world.

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The Investigations section is a collection of firefighter injury and fatality investigations from structural, wildland, and training incidents. These investigations, used in conjunction with the research, should be used to learn from tragedy in an effort to avoid similar losses in the future.

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Recent Reports

Nonresidential Building Fires

Project Date: July 2018
The US Fire Administration has compiled a study of nonresidential building fires in the United States from 2014 to 2016. The report includes data detailing information such as the causes of fires, time of fires, fire spread, and fatalities. There…
On April 12, 2015, a South Dakota firefighter lost their life in a residential structure fire. The first firefighters arrived on scene with reports of a person trapped in the bedroom. When they forced the front door, they experienced thick,…

The Fire Attack Study

Project Date: January 2018
Underwriter Laboratories (UL) Firefighter Safety Research Institute (FSRI) completed a series of experiments adding to their wealth of information to evaluate how firefighting tactics effect fire behavior, firefighters, and building occupants. The purpose of the study is to improve fire…
On October 12, 2015, two Kansas City firefighters lost their lives in a structural collapse at a three-story commercial building fire. The first units on scene reported a working fire with heavy smoke showing on all floors. Several rescues were…
While computer modeling is used for much fire research, there is still a need for the quicker and simpler hand-calculations. Hand-calculations are valuable in allowing a better understanding of the fundamentals of complex fire behavior. This paper goes through an…

Scaling of Wood Pallet Fires

Project Date: February 2017
To better understand fire behavior, fire researchers conduct live-fire testing to support theoretical work. Ideally these tests would be done in full scale. However, due to cost and facility constraints, most live-fire research cannot be done in full scale. This…

2016 Fire Service Technology Summit

Project Date: January 2017
Technology, when used together with an understanding of fires and fire behavior, can help the fire service operate more safely and more effectively. Last year, the Fire Service Technology Summit was held by the National Fallen Firefighters Foundation (NFFF). The…